How to Cite a PDF File

how to cite a pdf file

In our previous posts you could learn how to cite a PowerPoint or Word document. Do you know how to cite a PDF? Research papers and other longer documents are usually preserved in PDF because it guarantees that the layout and the content will be preserved. In case you need to provide citations and reference guide, keep reading to find out how to cite a PDF document in MLA, APA and Chicago style. MLA style is mostly used in literature, arts and humanities documents. APA style is mostly required in psychology, education, linguistics, journalism. Chicago style is used in history, information and political science but also in communications and publishing.


How do you reference a PDF document


First of all you need to decide what citation style would you use to cite a PDF. Every citation style has slightly different rules but most of them require to write citations in an alphabetical order. In the post about how to cite a PowerPoint we mentioned what information you need to include in each style.

If you want to add citations or references in a PDF document you need to convert a PDF to Word first and to make changes in Word document. When you add citations in Word version of the document, just convert it back to PDF. You can convert files with this online PDF to Word tool by simply uploading a file and leaving your email address. The converted file will be ready to download and use.

However, if your citation source is a PDF file and not a book, you can add a comment that your citation is based on a research you found in a PDF document. For instance, in MLA style you can write that your medium source is a PDF. In APA style you will write that in the same section where you write title of the source and not in the medium section. In Chicago style you should also mention that the source is a PDF, in the same place where you write the title. However, in APA style you should separate title and “PDF” with brackets whereas Chicago style doesn’t require using brackets.

How do you cite an ebook


Ebooks are usually saved in PDF, MOBI or EPUB format. So if your ebook is in PDF format, you can apply the rules mentioned in how to cite a PDF guide here. Usually, you need to include the author’s name, the publisher of the book as well as the year and place of publication, the exact book title but also the website when the ebook can be downloaded.


How do you cite an article online


You’ll need to copy down the author’s name, title of the article, name of the journal, volume number, issue number, date of publication, page numbers of the physical copy, and the web address of the journal article.

So next time you are preparing a research document, don’t hesitate to use PDF files as your sources. You can easily cite a PDF file and include it in your reference list. If the content of the PDF file is valuable and has credibility, do need to worry about using PDF works.


Document Shredding: What Documents You Should Keep

document shredding


Document shredding is a process of destroying paper documents with a paper shredder. As you can guess from its name, a paper shredder is a tool that cuts papers into strips. People, companies and of course governments usually have urge to destroy their paperwork and to save their privacy in that way. If you are worried about privacy and you possess documents that are too sensitive to keep, you can consider document shredding.

For instance, all kind of documents that contain personal information such as bank and credit card details, social security numbers, ATM receipts and other bills, airline tickets, expired visas and passport or credit cards, can be shredded.

What Documents You Should Keep

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Three Ways to Save PDF As JPEG

save pdf as jpeg


Being cross-platform files as they are, both PDF and JPEG are very popular. They can be open on any computer, no matter what operating system in question. It is highly recommended to use PDF files, when you deal with text documents or documents with vector images. Otherwise, you can use JPEG format. JPEG files take less space comparing to other image formats, but their quality suffers as well. Anyway, JPEG files are good to use then you need to upload images to a website or when you deal with non-textual documents. If you want to extract an image from your PDF and use it elsewhere, just save PDF as JPEG and edit JPEG file with any image editor.


How can I convert PDF to JPEG

Here we will present three different ways to convert PDF to JPEG, for every situation. When you at home, you can use your desktop computer and the program PDF Converter Elite to convert a PDF to JPEG, when you are on a business trip with your laptop and you don’t have the required program installed on it, you can use online tool and lastly, use mobile app when you are on the go and need urgently to convert a PDF.

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How to Convert OXPS to PDF

convert oxps to pdf

Converting files from one format to another is nowadays very easy task to do because of PDF conversion tools. However, there are some file formats that are harder to convert to another format or simply users are less familiar with those types of conversions. It is safe to say that .oxps to PDF conversion is on that list. One cannot convert oxps to PDF with every regular PDF converter and the same goes for xps to PDF conversion.


What is an Oxps file extension?

Oxps file is actually xps file format, that is created on Windows 8. OXPS stands for Open XML Paper Specification format. You can create .oxps file with almost any Windows application. However, you can view .oxps files only with Microsoft XPS viewer.

What kind of file is Oxps?

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How to Print to PDF

PDF files are used on occasions when you want to be sure that the end user will see the file the way you see it. Other file formats can alter the output because they are not compatible on every device. It also depends on MS Office version and operating system version. There are three ways to print to PDF and have your content preserved in the same formatting.

print to pdf

Print to PDF Online

If you don’t want to install anything on a computer and you prefer online tools, try Create PDF Online. With this online tool you can create a PDF in 3 simple steps. Upload the file, enter your email address and click Start. In a few minutes, you will get an email with the download link to your converted file. All converted files are deleted from the servers after 24 hours, due to privacy policy, so in that time you need to save a file on your computer. Continue reading >>

How to Insert PDF Into Excel

If your business or private life implies dealing with electronic documents on a daily basis, you must be familiar with PDF documents. Since 1993 when the Portable Document Format was initially released, it conquered people around the globe and became an essential part of their lives. As most people know, PDF is an unchangeable document that keeps your data intact. Not only does it preserve your work but it also prevents it from getting lost or altered when delivered to other users.

Yet, like all other things in the world, it’s not perfect – it has a flaw. If you ever needed to edit the content locked in PDF, you’d most likely have to use PDF conversion tools that transform files from one format to another. If you are dealing with electronic documents, you probably know this and maybe already use some of the PDF converters. However, there is one thing that you may not know or that didn’t occur to you before, and that is – to insert your PDF into MS Office document. Continue reading >>

How to Spell Check a PDF File

spell checkPDFs are, as the name says, portable documents. One of their obvious advantages and reasons for wide use is that they are not easily editable. When you send someone your report, essay, article or any other work you authored, it’s like saying: “Here is the document I want to show you or submit for your review. Open it, read it, send me your feedback or use it for obtaining information, but don’t change it. It’s not meant to be changed.” Basically, PDF is an electronic version of a paper, printed document.

But, documents are not always perfect and you should be double-check them. It often happens that you need to improve them before they are published or used for various business and educational purposes. One real-life example would be if one of your students sent you a great book report that you would like to share on your class website, so other students and book readers can benefit from it. But, as great as your student’s work is, you need to spell check it at least and correct possible errors without alerting your student or asking them to send you an editable version of the document.


You might be wondering how to spell check a PDF file?

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How to Convert Image to PDF and Make an Album from a Pinterest Board

convert pinboard to pdf The Portable Document Format or PDF is probably one of the most used formats among computer users. When we think about PDF files, we usually visualize some important business or school reports, professional presentations, textbooks and other similar “serious” documents. We also associate PDF  with electronic books, magazines and brochures. Moreover, we use PDF for creating all sorts of fun goodies that we may want to share with our friends or even present as a pleasing gift. Since you can easily create a PDF from almost any type of file, no reason not to convert an image to PDF.

For instance, you can create PDF albums from images and photos discovered online, on sites like Pinterest. We all know that Pinterest is a great place for finding awesome photos and images.The site also allows us to pin our findings to personally-created theme boards. Wouldn’t it be great to be able to turn some of your boards into stylish PDF photo albums that you can share with friends or even print?

The good news is that it is actually possible. There is a tool called Pin4Ever and with that tool you can actually make a photo album from a Pinterest board. Here’s a quick how-to guide!

Use Pin4Ever to Make a Photo Album from a Pinterest Board

  1. Install Pin4Ever on your preferred browser. Although the tool is not completely free, this feature is available for all users.
  2. After installation the tool will pop up at the top of your browser, and it will look like this:


  1. Login to your Pinterest account and click on the Run Backup button. A window will pop up with all your Pinterest boards. Tick or untick the boards according to your needs.

image to pdf

  1. You can find the backup in Pins4Ever folder on your desktop. There are your pins as image files, together in one folder.


Convert Image to PDF with PDF Converter Elite


To make an album of these images, first convert images to PDF and then create a photo album in PowerPoint- check the guide here.

  • To convert image to PDF, first install PDF Converter Elite.
  • The second step is to open the image you want to convert to PDF.
  • Right mouse click on the image and then on Print.
  • From the list of printers, choose PDF Converter Elite 5 Printer.
  • Click the Print button and then OK.
  • In the Save PDF As (see the image below) check out the location where the file will be saved.

print to pdf

If you prefer to have images in PDF format and not in PowerPoint, you can merge all these PDF files in one file and have a PDF album from a Pinterest board. You can use PDF Converter Elite to merge PDF files in three simple steps (open a PDF file, click Edit, then Merge PDF Files).


How to Convert PDF to Black and White

convert pdf to black and whiteMost of us usually make visually appealing, color PDFs when creating image and graphic-rich documents.  However, printing color PDFs with lots of charts, graphs, clipart and other imagery can be pretty expensive.  The expense of color printing is the reason why many businesses and individual users may choose to print black and white PDF files. To do so you need to convert PDF to black and white.

Take multi-colored AutoCAD drawings, for example. It is possible to create a PDF directly from AutoCAD for free if you install and use Free PDF Creator.

But, this feature-rich free software for printing and converting documents to PDF also allows you to customize the settings to fit your particular needs at any time. This also includes printing black and white PDFs from not only AutoCAD, but also any Windows application that allows you to print.

So if you occasionally need to create a monochrome PDF file, follow these simple steps: Continue reading >>

How to View PDFs and Other Documents in Chrome

Viewing and collaborating on documents or business presentations with team members in real-time can be difficult. Collaborative document editing usually involves emailing PDFs, documents and presentations as attachments back and forth, or printing and exchanging hard copies between team members. This is not only a waste of time and resources, but it can cause confusion and complicate the process of tracking of your document editing progress.

One other option that many companies opt for is installing collaboration software. It is usually the best option for corporations with many employees and multiple teams, but can be pretty expensive and out of reach for small and medium-sized businesses.

Fortunately, there is a free solution that enables teams to collaborate on editing their PDFs, Office documents, presentations, and images. They can review Word documents, fill out PDF forms, markup images or comment on any document online in real-time with Google Drive.

Google Drive is a file storage and synchronization service launched in 2012, that allows users to store, share and sync files in the cloud and across all devices.

google drive

How to view pdf in chrome?

Google Drive offers many options you can choose from. Drive gives you the 15 GB of free Google online storage, which is a significant number of free space where you can keep photos, documents, designs, videos and more.  Also, it is possible to purchase a larger cloud storage paid plan and upgrade your account with 100 gigabytes, 1, 2, 10 or more terabytes.

When you create a free Gmail account you will automatically get access to Drive. Simply, log in to your Gmail profile and click on the Drive icon. Drive will open and from there you can upload the desired document in one of the supported formats, like the PDF file format, Word or create new sheets, docs, slides and more.


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